How to Use the Internet and Your Phone Securely
Protect your privacy online.
Select one of the below options for how to go about doing it.
I have a quick and dirty option and more detailed options.
Table of Contents
Quick Privacy Protection Online in 5 Steps
This is the quick and dirty version of how to protect your privacy online.
Read this section if you want basic protection quickly and don’t want to worry about the details.
Step 1: Use an Apple Device
Yup, the first step to protecting your privacy online is to use an iPhone, iPad or Apple computer.
Apple values privacy more than their competitors. They do not harvest your data the way the competition does. (At least they claim they don’t and they haven’t been caught data harvesting yet.)
Contrast this to a desktop using Windows 10: your data is harvested automatically and you have to learn how to turn that off.
So, if you want to be more secure online, use an Apple device. (It does not matter whether it’s a phone, a tablet or laptop/desktop.)
2. Use the Right Browser (Brave, Opera, etc.)
If you are already using an Apple device, chances are you use Safari to browse the internet.
Safari is a better choice than Chrome or Edge in terms of your privacy, but it is far from the best one.
The best normal* browser for your privacy is called Brave. It blocks all trackers (cookies etc) as you surf the internet. Note: your online experience will drastically change if you use Brave.
(*There is a more secure option which I will discuss later but it is for experts only.)
The second best option is something like Opera, which allows trackers but which can easily route your internet traffic through another country, obscuring your location and, to an extent, your identity.
3. Stop Using Gmail/Outlook (Hotmail)
Google gets much of its data from Gmail.
Don’t worry, they aren’t giving your personal information to anyone. What they’re doing is they are aggregating your behaviour and that of millions of other users to create broad buyer personas for their customers. And much of that comes from Gmail.
Microsoft is probably doing the same thing with Outlook (which has been merged with their old cloud email provider, Hotmail).
You’re better off using an email client which pledges to protect your privacy. There are now numerous options. I go into detail about them below.
4. Stop Using Google/Bing for your Searches
When you use Google for search, they take what you search for an aggregate that. Then they provide that data to their advertisers. (They do not provide your personal information.)
Bing does the same thing if you use Bing.
In order to avoid this, you need to use a search engine like Duck Duck Go, which respects your privacy.
Some of the browsers suggested above will default to a better search engine.
5. Stop Using Social Media
If you really don’t want your behaviour tracked and your data harvested, stop using social media.
If that is too extreme for you, then stop using your social media accounts to login to other websites and always log out of your social accounts when you want to do anything else online. (Alternatively, you can use one browser for social media and another browser for everything else.)
You can see how inconvenient this is getting.
And that’s the thing: privacy is all about inconvenience, for the tech companies and for you. If you want to protect your privacy online, you have to accept more inconvenience in your life.
The rest of this guide will go over in detail how to balance privacy and convenience as best as you can.
Minimal Privacy Protection
If you want some privacy online, but you don’t want to be so inconvenienced, you perform the steps listed above and operate somewhat normally.
Let’s go through them in more detail:
Choose the Right Device
If you are an Apple user, you can skip this step.
If you do not use Apple devices (iPhone, iPad, MacBook, iMac) or you use some Apple devices and some non-Apple devices (Android phone, Chromebook, Windows laptop or desktop) then you need to do more.
Specifically, you have to learn how to change your settings to limit data capture.
Turn Off Tracking in Windows 10
Limit Tracking with Android
Use the Right Email Provider
Most of the email clients provided by big tech companies harvest your data.
- Outlook (Hotmail)
- Yahoo Mail
If you want privacy, don’t use one of these.
You can use a desktop email client like Thunderbird to access thoese services, which will make things better.
But, ideally, you want a cloud email service which offers privacy. https://itsfoss.com/secure-private-email-services/
Use the Right Browser
In addition to using the right device (or controlling your device’s privacy settings), and using the right email provider, you must also choose your browser wisely.
If you care about privacy, don’t use Chrome.
Specifically, don’t use any browser to which you are signed in (Chrome, Edge). What happens here is that your behaviour is more identifiable as you, rather than someone else using your device.
Please note that if you sign into any websites and don’t sign out, most of what follows about browser safety is moot. Signing in is giving permission to be tracked.
Brave the Browser
The fastest way you can stop much tracking when you surf the web is by installing and using Brave.
Brave is built in Chrome but defaults to blocking all tracking requests.
Note: your online experience will be very different if you do this. Consider it close to the nuclear option – your searches are going to suck now, and there will be no personalization from any websites you aren’t logged into.
Opera the Browser (or equivalents)
If you don’t want to block all tracking, the next best thing you can do is route your traffic through somewhere else. Opera has a built-in VPN – i.e. Virtual Proxy Network, those things the TV ads are trying to sell you to protect your security. And it’s free.
What this does is confuse trackers: your traffic is coming from Ukraine (or somewhere) but your behaviour is that of someone in urban North America.
Firefox or Just Being Careful About Your Settings
If you want a browser that functions fairly similarly to what you’re used to, but does a pretty good job of restricting some tracking, use Firefox.
Yes, Firefox still exists.
For less privacy and more convenicen, you can also just change the settings on Chrome or Edge but do know that this is the least effective way of limiting tracking and, moreoever, it’s more work than using Firefox or Opera.
Use the Right Search Engine
If you don’t want to be tracked on the internet, stop using Google (or, um, Bing).
I can’t say this enough: stop using Google. If you’re actually mad about your personal data being harvested and turned into money for Big Tech, one of the companies you should boycott is Google.
Google uses your searches to sell ads and much more more.
Duck Duck Go
The most famous search engine which doesn’t track you is Duck Duck Go.
Note: your experience of using a search engine which isn’t aggregating your choices into a massive pool of data is going to be different. Actually, it’s going to suck.
The price of privacy is less convenience. That’s because the cost of all this convenience was our privacy.
Stop Using Social Media*
Listen, I know this is hard to hear. But if you really want to limit your exposure you should quit social media.
Don’t want to quit social media?
Okay, we can work with that. Instead, do the following:
Don't Use Social Media to Sign In Elsewhere
I know it’s convenient, but if you really want to limit how much the social meida companies know about you, don’t use their profiles to login to anywhere else.
Yes, you will have a whole bunch of different logins, but that will make your behaviour more private.
Always Sign Out of Social Before Doing Anything Else. Or, Better Yet, Use a Special Browser for Your Social Accounts.
When you leave Facebook or LinkedIn or Twitter, actually leave them. Log out.
Alternatively, open a separate browser window and login to your social accounts there, and then switch to the other browser when you want to use your email, or search for something.
Use the Internet with (Near) Total Privacy
So, the above isn’t good enough for you, eh?
Okay then. This section will explain how you can make everything really secure.
Get a Specific Device or Sandbox for Using the Internet
If you really want to take this seriously, the first thing you need to do is to take the drastic step of dedicating only one device for use online.
Is that a bridge too far?
Well, the alternative is to install what’s known as a “sandbox” on all your devices you plan to use to access the internet.
A sandbox allows you to isolate the programs you use on the internet from the rest of your computer.
Sanboxie is a good choice.
Use a Cloud-Based Private Email Service
If you really want to secure yourself you should use a private email service based in the cloud whose own employees cannot access your email without destroying it. Yes, this is something that exists.
Browse Only with TOR
Perhaps you’ve heard of TOR (aka The Onion Router). It’s the most secure internet browser out there because your traffic is routed through many anonymous computers.
If You Must Use Social Media...
- Use it only on one sandboxed device (i.e. a device you never connect to any other devices you own)
- Access social media with TOR
- ALWAYS log out
How It All Works [This could be a better title]
This last part of this article is about what exactly you are giving up when you use the internet. I left it to here because I want to put the pratical stuff first.